FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Minors can work in retail trade, in the restaurant industry, do office work and do other types of non-hazardous work beginning at age 14. Certain other types of work such as newspaper delivery, lawn care, babysitting, etc. can be performed at younger ages. There are hour restrictions that apply to minors under the age of 16. Child Labor Laws prohibit minors under 18 from working in 17 different occupations determined to be hazardous
Employers in Utah are free to hire a minor without a work permit. The expectation is that employers in employing minors will be complying with the standards concerning age-appropriate jobs, lunches and breaks, and hourly restrictions for minors under age 16. There is a process in the statute where in limited, special circumstances, a request for a work authorization can be submitted to the Commission if the employment of the minor, such as in the case of a child actor, is going to involve odd work hours or other variances from the normal standards set forth in the statute or rules.
There are many areas of agreement between State and Federal child labor law. However, there are some Federal standards that are stricter than Utah law and if the Federal law applies the employer must comply with the stricter requirement. For example, under Federal law 14 and 15 year old minors may not work more than three hours on a school day and may not work past 7:00 p.m. from Labor Day to June 1 and past 9:00 p.m. from June 1 to Labor Day. Under Utah state law, minors under the age of 16 may work four hours on a school day, until 9:30 p.m. year around and after 9:30 p.m. if the next day is not a school day. In this example, employers must comply with the Federal standards. Please visit the U.S. Department of Labor’s website to compare standards at www.dol.gov.
Minors under the age of 18 are entitled to a meal period of at least 30 minutes not later than five hours from the beginning of their shift. A rest break is required for minors of at least 10 minutes for every three hour period or part thereof that is worked.
Under Federal law, those 14 and 15 may not work more than three hours on a school day, may not work past 7:00 p.m. from Labor Day to June 1 and past 9:00 p.m. from June1 to Labor Day.